The abolition of slavery was the culmination of the victory of popular sovereignty. The people of the North had changed their mind, and their legislatures had given way to the voice of the people, and not of a single class of men the law-makers represented. Moreover, the slavery agitation originated with northern men, and abounded in northern sentiments, but it was North who defeated the southern Democrats, and North who inaugurated the policy of compromise. The mover of the compromise was Mr. Pierce of New York, and his speech in Congress which will remain for ever memorable, no matter how often reiterated in any southern clime, was the settlement of the slavery agitation. The compromise abrogated the Missouri Compromise. This was the culminating act of the slavery agitation. The free-soilers in their cant then took up Mr. Stephens, Mr. Everett and other pro-slavery men, and declaimed against the repeal of the Missouri Compromise
But it is impossible to assign motives to men, which they themselves are incapable of comprehending. For when we appeal to them as to why they persist in their wickedness, and tell them they may save their miserable lives by doing as we request, they are sure to answer it is because we threaten them with pains and penalties which they have no idea of, and no more have we.
Thus, sir, you see that the men who lately called themselves the champions of liberty, are now by their friends converted into the most diabolical tories; and with some damning aspersion, I leave you to draw your own conclusions. As to what is to be done in such a crisis, I think the only attempt to be made, is to proceed by election, 3d9ccd7d82